What is a hernia and its types?

A hernia is characterized by a rupture in the weak part of any organ. When an internal organ or tissue bulges out due to the weakness in the muscle tissue supporting it and protrudes through an opening or the weakened region, it is said to be a Hernia. 

Factors that cause Hernia

  • While in womb, the abdominal wall fails to close properly
  • Being pregnant
  • Chronic constipation
  • Chronic Coughing
  • Lifting heavyweightthe 
  • Gaining weight
  • Surgery in the area
  • Family history 
  • Aging

Symptoms of a Hernia

  • A bulge or lump in the affected area.
  • Pain or discomfort in the affected area especially when bending over, coughing, or lifting.
  • A feeling of weakness, pressure, or heaviness in the abdomen.
  • A burning, sensation or pain at the site of the bulge.
  • Acid reflux or Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing

It can affect anyone at any age. Some types of Hernia predominantly occur in males, some are more prevalent in females while others are common in males and females. This usually occurs in the intestine or abdominal fatty tissue. These can be both painful or painless as they may not produce the symptoms but carry a risk or can even be dangerous in some cases. This is because, the herniated area is depleted from the blood and oxygen supply, and if this happens in the abdominal wall, there is an immediate need for hernia surgery in Dubai.

Therefore, it is important to learn about the different types of hernias and why one should consult a hernia surgery doctor in Dubai

Types of Hernias

Inguinal hernia: Nearly 75% of abdominal wall hernia cases are affected by this type of hernia. They have 25% greater chances to appear in men. These usually impact the groin area where the skin of the thigh joins the torso. There are two different kinds of inguinal hernias – direct and indirect. Indirect hernias can occur at any age, but direct hernias are more common in middle age and elderly men. Hernia surgeons treat this hernia by pushing the bulge back into place.

Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach bulges up into the chest cavity through the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that separates the organs in your abdomen from those in your chest. This type of hernia is most common in older people.

Umbilical hernia: An umbilical hernia can occur in babies under 6 months. This kind of hernia is caused when intestines bulge out by an opening in the abdominal wall. If the opening is less than half an inch, it will likely close before the child is two years old. In the case of larger openings, surgery may be necessary to close it. This type of hernias occurs most often during pregnancy or while giving birth. 

Incisional hernia: This hernia usually occurs after you have any abdominal surgery as the surgery create weak areas in which a hernia can form. Hernias develop between two and ten percent of all abdominal surgeries. Make sure you consult with the surgeon after any abdominal surgery to learn your risk. 

Femoral hernia: The femoral canal is the path through which the femoral artery, vein, and nerve leave the abdominal cavity and enter the upper leg. This usually occurs because of a wide bone structure and is seen mostly in women.

Spigelian hernia: This hernia happens along the rectus muscle of the abdomen and occurs several inches in the side of the middle of the abdomen. This is a rare type of hernia.

Obturator hernia: This very rare kind of hernia occurs mostly in women who had multiple pregnancies. The hernia protrudes from the pelvic cavity through an opening in the pelvic bone. These do not show a bulge, instead, it will act like a bowel obstruction and cause nausea or vomiting. 

Epigastric hernia: These will occur in midline of the abdominal wall where the rectus muscles join. This type of hernia is often painless and is formed in an area of the relative weakness of the abdominal wall.

If you suspect of having a hernia, it is important to visit a hernia surgery doctor in Dubai. Weight lose surgery clinic in Dubai have experienced surgeons who have treated many cases of hernia and knows well to relieve any pain related to the hernia. Also, they will fix the problem before it becomes more dangerous.